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粉青釉长颈瓶

来源:互联网 作者:admin 发布时间:2019-11-20 22:48
摘要:粉青釉长颈瓶 汝窑,五大名窑之一,因产于汝州而得名,窑址在今河南省宝丰县大营镇清凉寺村,汝瓷位居宋代汝、官、哥、钧、定五大名窑之首,在中国陶瓷史上素有汝窑为魁之称。汝窑中

粉青釉长颈瓶

汝窑,五大名窑之一,因产于汝州而得名,窑址在今河南省宝丰县大营镇清凉寺村,汝瓷位居宋代"汝、官、哥、钧、定"五大名窑之首,在中国陶瓷史上素有"汝窑为魁"之称。汝窑中华传统制瓷著名工艺之一,中国北宋时期主要代表瓷器。

The kiln, one of the five famous kiln, was named after its production in Zhangzhou. The kiln site is located in Qingliangsi Village, Daying Town, Baofeng County, Henan Province. The enamel is located in the Song Dynasty, the five names of "汝, 官,哥, 钧, 定". The first of the kiln, known as the "King Kiln is the leader" in the history of Chinese ceramics. One of the famous crafts of Chinese traditional porcelain in the kiln, China mainly represented porcelain during the Northern Song Dynasty.

   

众所周知, 纯正的粉青釉色是古瓷青釉中最高级、最美丽的釉色之一。 从传世品看,真正纯色粉青釉,施釉均匀,珍品极少。常见的多是或浓或淡,或深或浅,有的流釉,有的釉色不匀。 粉青釉的釉质乳浊浑厚,光泽柔和,具有脂粉般的细腻感,深沉淡雅,粉润如玉。其烧成温度略低于梅子青釉的烧成温度,釉料因熔融不透,降低了釉层的透明度,再加上釉中气泡和晶体的大量存在,从而导致釉面对光线产生的折射和散射,使其达到美玉般的粉质感。粉青釉色,青中泛蓝,蓝中含青,颜色雅致凝重。按照现代色谱对照,古瓷粉青釉色,更接近蓝色。 梅子青釉色以绿为主,绿中泛蓝,乳浊失透,这是两种釉色的区别之处。 可以说,烧成纯正粉青釉色的青瓷,应是顶级瑰宝。

As we all know, the pure pink glaze color is one of the most advanced and beautiful glaze colors in ancient porcelain glaze. From the handed down products, the real pure color powder green glaze, even glaze, rare treasures. Commonly used are thick or light, or deep or shallow, some flow glaze, and some glaze is uneven. The glaze of the powder green glaze is thick and opaque, with soft luster. It has a fine powdery feel, deep and elegant, and powdery like jade. The firing temperature is slightly lower than the firing temperature of the plum glaze. The glaze is not transparent, which reduces the transparency of the glaze layer. In addition, the glaze contains a large amount of bubbles and crystals, which leads to the refracting of the glaze. And scattering, to achieve a jade-like powder texture. Powder green glaze, blue in blue, blue in blue, elegant and dignified. According to the modern chromatographic control, the ancient porcelain powder has a green glaze color, which is closer to blue. The plum glaze color is mainly green, the blue is blue, and the opacity is devitalized. This is the difference between the two glaze colors. It can be said that the celadon that is fired in pure green glaze color should be the top jewel.

追溯起粉青釉色的出处正是在那烟雨江南,南宋时期地处浙江的龙泉窑烧制成功了美丽的粉青。宋·庄季裕在《鸡肋篇》记载:“处州龙泉县……又出青瓷器,谓之秘色,钱氏所贡,盖取于此。宣和中,禁庭制样须索,益加工巧。”这条记载称龙泉出“秘色瓷”,五代钱氏王朝时期曾在龙泉定烧“贡瓷”作为贡品献给中原朝廷,到北宋徽宗宣和年间,产品更是精益求精。明人已非常清楚地告知龙泉窑从“贡瓷”到官府定烧“宫廷用瓷”的过程。

The origin of the powdered green glaze was traced back to the south of the Yangtze River. The Longquan kiln in Zhejiang Province during the Southern Song Dynasty successfully burned beautiful pink. Song Zhuang Jiyu recorded in the "Chicken Ribs": "The Longquan County of Chuzhou...and the celadon, which is the secret color, the tribute of Qian's tribute. The Xuanhezhong, the banned court samples, the processing Qiao." This record said that Longquan had a "secure porcelain". During the Five Dynasties, the Qianlong Dingding "Gang Porcelain" was dedicated to the Central Plains Court in the Longquan period. During the Northern Song Dynasty Huizong Xuanhe, the products were even better. The Ming people have very clearly informed Longquan Kiln from the "Gong Porcelain" to the official government to burn the "court porcelain" process.

汝窑器型简单,无大器,釉色温润柔和,有粉青、豆青、月白、天青、天蓝等。 釉色变化小,传世作品基本为天青、青绿色。纯正的粉青釉色是古瓷青釉中最高级、最美丽的釉色之一。从传世品看,真正纯色粉青釉,施釉均匀,珍品极少。常见的多是或浓或淡,或深或浅,有的流釉,有的釉色不匀。粉青釉的釉质乳浊浑厚,光泽柔和,具有脂粉般的细腻感,深沉淡雅,粉润如玉。其烧成温度略低于梅子青釉的烧成温度,釉料因熔融不透,降低了釉层的透明度,再加上釉中气泡和晶体的大量存在,从而导致釉面对光线产生的折射和散射,使其达到美玉般的粉质感。粉青釉色,青中泛蓝,蓝中含青,颜色雅致凝重。按照现代色谱对照,古瓷粉青釉色,更接近蓝色。梅子青釉色以绿为主,绿中泛蓝,乳浊失透,这是两种釉色的区别之处。 可以说,烧成纯正粉青釉色的青瓷,应是顶级瑰宝。

The kiln type is simple, no large, glazed and soft, with powdered green, bean green, moon white, azure, sky blue and so on. The glaze color changes little, and the handed down works are basically azure and turquoise. Pure pink glaze is one of the most advanced and beautiful glazes in ancient porcelain glaze. From the handed down products, the real pure color powder green glaze, even glaze, rare treasures. Commonly used are thick or light, or deep or shallow, some flow glaze, and some glaze is uneven. The glaze of the powder green glaze is thick and opaque, with soft luster. It has a fine powdery feel, deep and elegant, and powdery like jade. The firing temperature is slightly lower than the firing temperature of the plum glaze. The glaze is not transparent, which reduces the transparency of the glaze layer. In addition, the glaze contains a large amount of bubbles and crystals, which leads to the refracting of the glaze. And scattering, to achieve a jade-like powder texture. Powder green glaze, blue in blue, blue in blue, elegant and dignified. According to the modern chromatographic control, the ancient porcelain powder has a green glaze color, which is closer to blue. The plum glaze color is mainly green, the blue is blue, and the opacity is devitalized. This is the difference between the two glaze colors. It can be said that the celadon that is fired in pure green glaze color should be the top jewel.

此粉青釉长颈瓶是仇老先生收藏的珍品,此粉青釉长颈瓶器型简单,无大器,釉色沉静典雅,温润柔和,淡者如碧空万里,谓之天青,深者如雨过天晴云破之处,谓之天蓝。品相完好,收藏价值极高。

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